Eastern Europe is a great tourist destination, with many beautiful and historic cities, natural wonders, unique food and drink, and diverse cultural experiences, and is known for its rich history, diverse cultures, and unique heritage.
Economically, the central and eastern Europe region has been through a lot of changes, from being mostly agricultural to industrial and now, many Eastern European countries are developing service-based economies with neighboring countries.
Political landscape of the region has a complex history, most countries were under the Soviet control for much of the twentieth century under the communist regimes, and after the fall of the Soviet Union, many Eastern European countries transitioned to democracy and human rights and market economies for civil society.
Culturally, eastern europe is very diverse and has been shaped by various empires and cultures, including the Roman, Byzantine, Mongol, and Ottoman empires. The Eastern European countries have diverse ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups, and their cultures have been influenced by these groups as well as by their historical experiences.
Eastern Europe is a region located in the eastern part of Europe and is bordered by Western Europe to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Ural Mountains and the Caucasus to the east.
Eastern Europe is home to many beautiful and historic cities, such as Prague, Krakow, Budapest, Warsaw, Lviv, Bucharest, and many more, each with their own unique character and charm.
Eastern Europe offers a wide range of natural beauty, from the Carpathian Mountains in Romania, to the Tatra Mountains in Poland and Slovakia, to the Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia, and many more. These natural wonders offer opportunities for hiking, skiing, and other outdoor activities, as well as breathtaking views.
Eastern Europe has a rich culinary heritage, with traditional dishes such as goulash, pierogi, sarmale, and many more. The region is also known for its wine and beer, with many local breweries and wineries offering tours and tastings and local specialties that vary from country to country.
Eastern Europe offers a great variety of shopping opportunities, from traditional markets selling locally made crafts, to modern shopping malls and luxury boutiques.
The strategic location of Eastern Europe in the European continent is at the nexus of Europe and Asia, as well as the various empires and cultures that have disrupted the region over time, have all contributed to the eastern and western Europe region’s diverse and complex history.
Eastern Europe has been shaped by a diverse range of political and economic influences throughout its history, and has played an important role in the development of the European union and the European commission in the world.
Ancient brief history of Eastern Europe is marked by the presence of various tribes and cultures, such as the Scythians and the Dacians. The Roman Empire conquered parts of Eastern Europe in the first century AD, and the Byzantine Empire controlled the region for several centuries afterwards.
During the Middle Ages, Eastern Europe was invaded and ruled by various nomadic peoples, such as the Huns, Avars, and Magyars. The region was also the site of many battles between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgars, Pechenegs, and Cumans.
In the 14th century, the Mongols established the Golden Horde, which controlled much of Eastern Europe for several centuries. In the 15th century, the Ottoman Empire began expanding into Eastern Europe, and by the 16th century, the Ottomans controlled much of the region, including the Balkan peninsula.
During the 19th century, Vast majority of Eastern Europe began to experience a resurgence of nationalism movements, this led to the formation of several independent nation-states.
The 20th century saw Eastern Europe fall under the control of the Soviet Union, as a result of World War II. The Soviet Union imposed communist states on the Eastern European countries, and suppressed dissent and independent thinking and human rights.
After the fall of the Soviet control in 1991, many Eastern European countries opened arms for external links and most countries came together with them and China established diplomatic relations also. Most countries have been working to establish their own cultural identities and trade unions.
Eastern Europe is also known for its art, literature, music, and architecture. The region has produced many notable artists, writers, and musicians, and has a rich tradition of folk art and folk music. Eastern European architecture is also diverse and includes examples of Gothic, Baroque, Art Nouveau, and Soviet-era styles.
Currency: Belarusian Ruble(BYN)
International Airport: Minsk international airport, Mahillou international airport, Homiel international airport, Brest international airport, Vitebsk Vostochny international airport.
Belarus is a country located in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east, Latvia to the north, Lithuania to the northwest, Poland to the west, and Ukraine to the south. Belarus has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from various empires, including the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union. Belarus has a complex history, with periods of autonomy, occupation, and annexation. During World War II, Belarus was occupied by Nazi Germany, and the country suffered heavily during the war. During the cold war era, Belarus became a Soviet republic and remained so until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It is a country of undiscovered sights that attract more and more international travellers in the 21st century.
Currency: Czech koruna (CZK)
International Airport: Prague international Airport, Leoš Janáček Ostrava international Airport, Karlovy Vary international Airport, Pardubice international Airport, Brno international Airport.
The Czech Republic is officially known as the Czechia. Czechia is bordered by Germany to the west, Poland to the north, Slovakia to the east, and Austria and Hungary to the south. The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in southeast europe with diverse landscapes, including mountains, forests, and rivers. The country’s economy is largely based on manufacturing, particularly the automotive and engineering sectors. The country is known for its historic cities, including Prague, which is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, and its traditional folk art, such as glassmaking, and ceramics.
Currency: Hungarian Forint (HUF)
International Airport: Budapest international Airport, Gyor-Per international Airport, Debrecen International Airport, Hévíz-Balaton international Airport, Pecs-Pogany international Airport.
Hungary is bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. Hungarian culture is rich and diverse, with influences from the Celts, Romans, Magyars, and Austro-Hungarian Empire. Hungarian cuisine is famous for its hearty dishes, such as goulash, and its sweet pastries, such as chimney cake. Hungary is also known for its natural beauty, with the Danube River flowing through the country, the Great Plain, and the Carpathian Mountains in the north.
Currency: Moldovan Leu(MDL)
International Airport: Chișinău International Airport, Cahul International Airport.
Moldova is a small nation in Eastern Europe, bordered to the west by Romania and to the north, east, and south by Ukraine. It is renowned for its beautiful rural areas, quaint villages, and extensive cultural legacy.
Currency: Polish Zloty(PLN)
International Airport: Warsaw Chopin international Airport, Katowice international Airport, Poznań international Airport, Gdansk Lech Walesa international Airport, Lodz international Airport and so on.
Poland is a country bordered by Germany to the west, Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad to the north, as well as the Baltic Sea to the north. Poland has a long and rich history, with influences from various cultures and empires, including the Piast dynasty, the Kingdom of Poland. The country is known for its natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and iconic landmarks such as the Wawel Castle, the Main Market Square and the Old Town of Krakow, which are listed in UNESCO’s World Heritage list.
Currency: Russian Ruble (RUB)
International Airport: Sheremetyevo International Airport, Pulkovo International Airport Domodedovo International Airport, Vnukovo International Airport.
Russia is the largest country in the world, located in Eastern Europe and western Asia. Western portion is bordered by neighboring countries such as Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, and the eastern part by Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, and North Korea. Russia is home to rich multiculturalism and vast scenic wonders unlike anywhere outside, with a population of over one hundred fourteen million people spanning the entire 1200 years of history and eleven time zones. The Russian federation is prolific with stories to be discovered. With such a huge nation comes a rich history, diverse cultures, and a long political history. From the complexities of the Byzantine Empire and the evolution of the Soviet Union with communist governments to the traditions of Russia’s over 100 recognized minority ethnic groups, including some who are indigenous people with their attire, religious traditions, and even dialect. Russia’s cities are brimming with lavish architecture and one-of-a-kind architecture at every turn.
Currency: Euro (EUR)
International Airport: Bratislava international Airport, Košice International Airport, Piešťany international Airport, Poprad-Tatry international Airport, Sliač international Airport and so on.
Slovakia is a country bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, and the Czech Republic and Austria to the west. Slovakia’s culture is a blend of Slavic and Germanic influences, with a rich tradition of folk art, music and dance. Slovakian cuisine is hearty and hearty, known for dishes like Bryndzové halušky (potato dumplings with sheep cheese) and Kofola (a local soft drink).
Slovakia is known for its natural beauty, with the High Tatras, the Carpathian Mountains and the Danube river running through the country.
Currency: Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH)
International Airport: Odesa International Airport, Danylo Halytskyi International Airport, Kherson International Airport, Kharkiv International Airport, Zaporizhia International Airport and so on.
Ukraine is a country located in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, and Romania and Moldova to the southwest. Ukraine has a diverse history, with influences from various cultures and empires, including the Kievan Rus, the Mongol Empire, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Soviet Union. Today, Ukraine is an independent nation and a member of the United Nations.
Currency: Georgian Lari (GEL)
International Airport: Tbilisi International Airport, Batumi International Airport, David the Builder Kutaisi International Airport.
Georgia is a country located in the Caucasus region of East Central Europe, bordered by Russia to the north, Turkey and Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east. The country is actively working on developing its infrastructure and promoting itself as a transit hub for trade and travel between Europe and Asia. The country is also famous for its traditional and diverse cuisine, its hospitality, and the famous Georgian wine. The country has many historic and cultural sites to visit, such as the cave city of Uplistsikhe, the medieval Rabati Fortress, the ancient city of Mtskheta, and the cave monastery of Vardzia.
There is actually never a bad time to visit Eastern Europe because it’s so under the mainstream, moreover it’s much less expensive! Due to this region’s wide geographic range and variety of climates, it has favorable weather. They range from chilly mountain climates to Mediterranean warmth. Eastern Europe has a beautifully hot summer. Even though the winters can get rather chilly, spending the holidays in this stunning region of the world makes up for it.
Christmas markets and mulled wine are already being served in some of these nations as of November. The temptation of spring and fall is inescapable; whether flowers are in blossom or leaves are changing colors, these two seasons are wonderful for travel.
In general, peak travel season runs from May to September, with July and August being the busiest months, as it does for the majority of European destinations.
The best times to travel to Eastern Europe are from mid-March to mid-May and from mid-September to mid-November to take advantage of the pleasant weather and avoid paying top price. The ideal time to travel to Eastern Europe is undoubtedly right now. Although the weather is favorable enough to enjoy a variety of outdoor activities, the crowds and prices decline.
Be aware, nevertheless, that certain nations in this region of the continent have consistently colder climates. Destinations like the Baltics would be a better option if moderate weather is on one’s bucket list.
A wonderful way to engage with the local culture is always through cuisine. These regional foods and customary delicacies, along with vodka, beer, pierogies, and sausage, will fuel your Eastern European tour.
Schnitzel: This is a breaded and fried cutlet, usually made of veal, pork or chicken. It is a staple in many Eastern European countries.
Borscht: This is a soup made from beets, cabbage, and other vegetables. It is a popular dish in Russia, Ukraine and other Slavic countries.
Pierogi: These are dumplings filled with a variety of fillings, such as potato and cheese, sauerkraut, or meat. They are a staple in Poland.
Sarmale: These are stuffed cabbage rolls that are well-liked throughout all of eastern Europe and in other countries. They are typically filled with meat and rice and are often served with a sour cream sauce.
Goulash: This is a hearty stew that is popular in Hungary and other countries in the region. It is made with meat (usually beef), potatoes, onions, and a variety of spices, and is often served with bread or dumplings.
Palačinky: Also known as “crepes” in English are a popular dish in Eastern Europe, particularly in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Poland. They are thin, delicate pancakes that can be filled with a variety of sweet or savory fillings.
Bigos: Bigos is considered one of Poland’s national dishes and is often served during festivals, holidays and other special occasions. It’s a hearty and flavorful stew made with a variety of meats, sauerkraut, and vegetables, such as cabbage, onions, and mushrooms.
Papanaşi: Papanași are a well-liked street meal that can be purchased at markets and events all around Moldova and the rest of the continent. They are typically served as a dessert or as a sweet breakfast option.
Langos: It is a delicious and comforting dish, it’s crispy on the outside and soft on the inside and the toppings add a lot of flavor to it. It’s a must-try for anyone visiting Hungary.
Ćevapi: It is a traditional dish from Balkan peninsula made of ground beef or lamb mixed with spices, shaped into small sausage-like fingers and grilled. It’s a very popular street food and is also found in many local restaurants. It’s a must-try for anyone visiting Serbia.
Pirozhki: It is a traditional Russian pastry that typically consists of a small, round, or oblong-shaped pastry filled with a variety of savory or sweet fillings. The most common savory fillings include ground meat, fish, vegetables, and mashed potatoes. While sweet fillings include fruit jams, cottage cheese, and sweetened condensed milk. Pirozhki can be fried or baked and are often served as a snack or a side dish. They are a staple food found in many Russian bakeries and street food vendors.
Kielbasa: It is a type of sausage that is a staple food in Poland. It is typically made from pork, beef, or a combination of both and flavored with garlic, pepper, and other spices. Kielbasa is a versatile food that can be enjoyed in many ways like Kielbasa can be eaten as a cold cut, grilled, boiled, or fried. It is often served as an appetizer with mustard or as a main dish with sauerkraut and potatoes. Kielbasa can also be found in soups and stews.
Zrazy: This dish is a popular main course in Polish cuisine, often served with a side of potatoes or other vegetables. Zrazy is a hearty and flavorful dish that is a must-try for tourists visiting Poland. This famous dish is made of thin slices of meat, usually beef or pork, rolled around a filling of mashed potatoes, breadcrumbs, and various other ingredients such as mushrooms, onions, or cheese. The rolls are then browned in a pan and typically served with a gravy or sauce.
Transportation options for tourists in eastern Europe vary depending on the country and region. Some popular options include:
Train: Train travel is a popular and convenient way to travel around Europe, as many countries have extensive rail networks. Train travel also allows tourists to enjoy scenic routes and to easily get to smaller towns and villages that may not be easily accessible by other means of transportation.
Bus: Bus travel is often a more affordable option than train travel, and many European countries have extensive bus networks. However, bus travel may be less comfortable and can take longer than train travel.
Car rental: Car rental is a popular option for tourists who want the freedom and flexibility to travel at their own pace. However, it is worth noting that many European cities have limited parking, and traffic can be congested, especially in larger cities.
Air travel: For long-distance travel within Europe, air travel is often the most convenient and quickest option. Many budget airlines operate flights between major European cities.
Bike or bike sharing: Many European cities have bike-sharing programs, which can be a great way to get around and see the sights. It is also environmentally friendly.
Taxi or ride-sharing:Taxis and ride-sharing services are widely available in most European cities, although they can be more expensive than other forms of transportation.
It is also important to note that some countries have different transportation methods like trams, subway, metro, and ferries. Each city has its own transportation system, so it’s best to check the availability and schedule of each before planning a trip.
Eastern Europe is a highly recommended destination for tourists due to its rich history, culture, and natural beauty. The region offers a diverse range of experiences, from the grand architecture and cultural heritage of cities like Prague, Budapest, and Krakow, to the picturesque landscapes of the Carpathian Mountains and the Black Sea coast.
With its relatively low cost of living, friendly locals, and easy accessibility from Western Europe, Eastern Europe is an excellent destination for travelers looking for an affordable and authentic experience. Whether you’re interested in history, art, outdoor adventure, or simply immersing yourself in local culture, this region has something for everyone to enjoy.
Overall, Eastern Europe is a fascinating region that offers something for everyone, from history buffs to nature lovers, and from culture enthusiasts to foodies.