The capital of the regal state of Rajasthan, Jaipur, also known as the ‘Pink City’ is one of the most well-known tourist routes in India and forms the Golden Triangle with Delhi and Agra.
Jaipur was dominated by the Rajputs for many years and became a planned city in the seventeenth century. The pink city of Jaipur, which has gates embellished with artwork and walls surrounding the old city, has managed to preserve its old-world charm. Amer Fort and Jantar Mantar are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Jaipur, which is also home to a number of other spectacular forts, palaces, temples, and museums as well as a plethora of busy local bazaars where you may buy to your heart’s content. The most well-known local foods include the Ghewar, Pyaaz Kachori, and Dal Baati Churma, and the city is also well-known for its cuisine. The largest literary event in Asia, the Jaipur Literary Festival, is also held in the city.
Jaipur is located in the northwestern part of India. The city is also divided into two parts – the old city, also known as the Pink City, and the new city, which is built outside the old city walls.
The Pink City is the historic part of Jaipur, and it is famous for its palaces, forts, and vibrant markets. It is surrounded by a 6-metre high wall with seven gates, which were built in the 18th century. The new city of Jaipur is characterised by wide avenues, spacious gardens, and modern buildings. It is home to several government buildings, universities, and commercial centres.
Jaipur has a semi-arid climate, with hot summers and mild winters. The monsoon season begins in July and lasts until September, bringing much-needed relief from the scorching heat.
Jaipur is a city with a rich and fascinating history that dates back several centuries. It was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, who was the ruler of the Kachwaha Rajput dynasty. He decided to build a new city because the previous capital of the kingdom, Amber, was facing water shortage and overcrowding.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II was a visionary ruler who was interested in science, astronomy, and mathematics. The city of Jaipur was designed by him according to the principles of Vastu Shastra, an ancient Indian system of architecture. The city was built on a grid pattern with wide streets, markets, and palaces. The city’s architecture was characterised by pink-coloured buildings, which were later referred to as the Pink City.
Jaipur has a rich and vibrant culture that reflects the city’s history, traditions, and way of life. The city is known for its colourful festivals, music, dance, and cuisine.
Festivals are an important part of Jaipur’s cultural life, and the city celebrates a wide range of festivals throughout the year. Some of the popular festivals celebrated in Jaipur include Diwali, Holi, Teej, Gangaur, and Makar Sankranti. During these festivals, the city comes alive with music, dance, processions, and other cultural activities.
Music and dance are integral parts of Jaipur’s culture, and the city has a rich tradition of folk music and dance. Some of the popular forms of folk music and dance in Jaipur include Kalbelia, Ghoomar, and Kathputli.
Cuisine is another important aspect of Jaipur’s culture, and the city is known for its unique and flavorful cuisine. Some of the popular dishes in Jaipur include dal baati churma, laal maas, ghevar, and pyaaz kachori. The city also has a vibrant street food culture, with several street vendors offering delicious snacks and sweets.
Art and craft are also an important part of Jaipur’s culture, and the city is known for its beautiful textiles, jewellery, and handicrafts. Some of the popular crafts in Jaipur include block printing, blue pottery, and bandhani.
Jaipur, the capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan, has two World Heritage Sites designated by UNESCO. They are:
Also known as Amber Fort, Amer Fort is a magnificent fort located on a hilltop in Amer, about 11 kilometres from Jaipur. It was built by Raja Man Singh I in the 16 th century and later expanded by his successors. The fort complex is a fusion of Hindu and Mughal architectural styles and is known for its stunning palaces, temples, courtyards, and gardens. Amer Fort was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2013 as part of the Hill Forts of Rajasthan.
Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory located in the heart of Jaipur. It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II in the 18th century and consists of several structures that are used to measure time, predict eclipses, and track stars and planets. Jantar Mantar is known for its unique and innovative design, which reflects the scientific and mathematical achievements of the time. It was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2010.
Apart from the two beautiful World Heritage Sites that Jaipur has, it also has many other places worth exploring as a tourist.
The magnificent City Palace, located in Jaipur’s historic quarter, is one of the city’s most popular tourist attractions. Between 1729 and 1732, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh built an enormous palace complex that occupied almost one-seventh of the walled city. It was the former home of the Maharaja of Jaipur. The Chandra Mahal and the Mubarak Mahal are just two of the many courtyards, structures, and gardens that make up the palace. The museum exhibits a variety of one-of-a-kind handmade goods in addition to other items from the City Palace’s royal background.
The gigantic Hawa Mahal, constructed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, is situated at the intersection of Jaipur’s major road, Badi Chaupad. A network of tiny windows that allow cool air to enter the palace and keep it cool throughout the sweltering summer months is how the Hawa Mahal got its unusual name. The palace was built mainly to allow the women of the royal family to participate in the public celebrations while remaining hidden from view following local traditions. It runs all the way to the ‘zenana’ and is situated just on the edge of the Jaipur City Palace.
Situated in the outskirts of Jaipur, it is renowned for its expansive wall that links it to Jaigarh Fort and its stunning views of the city. The Nahargarh Fort, which is adorned with exquisite carvings and stonework, is an impregnable building that, along with its two neighbouring forts, Amer and Jaigarh, originally served as the main defence of Jaipur city. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II erected the Fort in the year 1734 as a refuge. If you’re close to Nahargarh Fort, where you can be guaranteed to enjoy a panoramic view of the city of Jaipur, The Padao Restaurant is also a must-visit.
The magnificent Jaigarh Fort is located in Jaipur’s Pink City, sitting atop the ‘Cheel ka Teela’ hills. In order to defend Amer Fort, Sawai Jai Singh II ordered the construction of this spectacular structure. It is a luxurious building perched on the cliff’s edge, surrounded by lush vegetation and imposing battlements. This majestic fort, which is known as the ‘Fort of Triumph’ because it was never conquered, is connected to Amer Fort through underground corridors. The fort gives a stunning perspective of the city of Jaipur and is currently home to the largest cannon on wheels in the world, known as ‘Jaivana’.
It is the oldest museum in Rajasthan, and it is located in the Ram Niwas Garden in Jaipur. It was initially intended to be a concert hall when it was constructed in 1876, and its name comes from the architectural resemblance to London’s Victoria and Albert Hall Museum. It is often referred to as the Government Central Museum and is a preserved example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. A staggering 16 art galleries house the vast collection of artefacts from all over the world that Albert Hall Museum has amassed. As night falls, the museum assumes a completely new façade as the entire structure is illuminated by gorgeous yellow lights.
One of the many majestic Birla temples spread out over the nation includes the Hindu temple known as Birla Temple in Jaipur. The shrine, also called the Lakshmi Narayan Temple, is located on Moti Dungari Hill. The Birlas constructed the temple in 1988 after the King of Jaipur donated the site for a nominal fee of one rupee. The Birla Temple’s structure, which is made entirely of white marble, combines elements of traditional Hindu architecture with contemporary flair. The temple’s walls are decorated with deftly carved images of Gods and Goddesses and proverbs from the Puranas and Upanishads.
The magnificent and serene Jal Mahal is located in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake on the outskirts of Jaipur. It is a magnificent creation, and the Nahargarh Hills surround it. This low-rise, symmetrical palace, which served as the Maharajas’ shooting lodge in the past and now fascinates many tourists from around the globe. Maharaja Madho Singh ordered the construction of Jal Mahal in the 1750s. One of the most photographed monuments in India, it is true. The most stunning aspect of this palace is how, although only appearing to have one storey above the water, there are actually four storeys buried beneath the surface.
The gate, one of Jaipur’s nine gates, is a relatively recent addition to the city. Its exterior is built of pink sandstone, and its interior has a vibrant pathway. Walking underneath, visitors may observe brilliantly painted pillars, walls, and archways that feature numerous facts, sights, and settings from all around Rajasthan. It’s a great location for shooting, especially since woods surround the gate. Visitors can also take in the nighttime musical fountain performance that is organised.
Take a hot air balloon ride over the city and enjoy a bird’s-eye view of Jaipur’s stunning landscape and architecture. You can book a ride at dawn or dusk to witness the sunrise or sunset, respectively.
Jaipur has several movie studios where Bollywood films are shot. You can visit one of these studios and get a behind-the-scenes look at the filmmaking process. You may even get a chance to see a live shoot.
Jaipur is famous for its delicious street food. Take a food tour and sample local delicacies like pyaaz kachori, gol gappa, and lassi. You can also visit the city’s night markets and try out different snacks.
Explore the city on a cycle tour and visit places that are not accessible by car or bus. You can cycle through narrow alleys, visit local markets, and interact with locals.
Take an elephant safari through the Aravalli hills and explore the rural countryside around Jaipur. You can also visit an elephant sanctuary and learn about the conservation efforts being undertaken to protect these gentle giants.
Jaipur has a vibrant music and dance scene. Attend a folk music and dance performance and witness the colourful traditional attire, melodious music, and graceful dance moves of the Rajasthani culture.
Join a heritage walk and explore Jaipur’s historic buildings and monuments. You can learn about the city’s rich history, architecture, and culture while walking through the narrow lanes of the old city.
Jaipur is known for its rich and delicious cuisine. Here are some must-try dishes and treats in Jaipur:
This is a traditional Rajasthani dish made with lentils, wheat flour balls called baati, and sweet crumbly churma. It is usually served with ghee and is a hearty and satisfying meal.
Pyaaz kachori is a deep-fried pastry stuffed with spiced onion filling. It is a popular street food in Jaipur and is best enjoyed with mint and tamarind chutney.
Laal Maas is a spicy and tangy lamb curry that is a must-try for meat lovers. It gets its fiery red colour from the use of red chilli powder and is best enjoyed with bajra roti or rice.
Ghewar is a sweet dish that is a specialty of Jaipur. It is made by deep-frying a batter made of flour and milk and then soaking it in sugar syrup. It is topped with slivered almonds and pistachios and is a popular dessert during festivals like Teej and Raksha Bandhan.
Mawa kachori is a sweet version of the popular pyaaz kachori. It is stuffed with a mixture of mawa (thickened milk), sugar, and nuts and is usually served as a dessert.
Mirchi vada is a spicy snack made by stuffing green chilies with a potato filling and then deep-frying them. It is a popular street food in Jaipur and is best enjoyed with mint and tamarind chutney.
Lassi is a refreshing yoghurt-based drink that is a popular beverage in Jaipur. It is usually sweetened and flavoured with cardamom, saffron, or rose water and is a perfect way to beat the heat during the summer months.
Jaipur is a city of many wonders, and there are several hidden gems that are not commonly known to tourists. Here are some of the hidden gems of Jaipur that you must explore:
It is a unique step well located about 95 km from Jaipur. It was built in the 9th century and is one of the deepest and largest stepwells in India. The stepwell has 13 levels and is adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures.
It is a beautiful palace located about 42 kilometres from Jaipur. It was built in the 18th century and is known for its stunning architecture, intricate frescoes, and beautiful gardens. The palace has now been converted into a luxury hotel and is a perfect place to experience the regal hospitality of Rajasthan.
It is a beautiful garden located on the outskirts of Jaipur. It was built in the 18th century and is known for its stunning fountains, murals, and beautiful pavilions. The garden is a perfect place to relax and soak in the natural beauty of the city.
This is a small museum located in the old city of Jaipur. It showcases the traditional art of block printing and is a perfect place to learn about the history and evolution of this art form. The museum also has a shop where you can buy beautiful hand-printed fabrics and garments.
Jaipur has been home to many famous personalities, including:
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II was the founder of Jaipur and the ruler of the Kingdom of Amber. He was a brilliant astronomer and mathematician and is known for building the Jantar Mantar observatories in Jaipur and other parts of India.
The third wife of Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II and was a prominent figure in Indian politics and society. She was known for her beauty, elegance, and charisma, and was a fashion icon in her time. She was also a member of parliament and a vocal advocate for women’s rights and education.
A prominent statesman and administrator who served as the Prime Minister of the princely state of Jaipur in the early 20th century. He was known for his progressive and modernist policies and is credited with the development of several key institutions and infrastructure projects in the city, including the University of Rajasthan and the Albert Hall Museum.
She is a social entrepreneur and founder of the nonprofit organisation, ‘Saheli Women’. She is known for her work in empowering rural women in Rajasthan and for promoting the traditional handicrafts of the state.
He is a renowned musician and composer who is credited with popularising the Santoor, a traditional Indian stringed instrument. He was born in Jaipur and has received several national and international awards for his contributions to music.
Jaipur is a city that celebrates its culture and traditions with great enthusiasm and fervour. Here are some special events that you can attend in Jaipur:
This is one of the largest literary festivals in the world, and it is held annually in January. The festival brings together some of the most renowned authors, poets, and thinkers from around the world and features discussions, readings, and book launches.
It is a popular film festival that is held in January every year. The festival showcases films from around the world and provides a platform for independent filmmakers to showcase their work.
This is a traditional festival celebrated in Jaipur in August or September. The festival celebrates the arrival of monsoon and is dedicated to the goddess Parvati. The festival is marked by colourful processions, traditional dances, and music.
Jaipur is famous for its vibrant and colourful markets that offer a wide range of traditional and contemporary items. Here are some popular shopping places in Jaipur:
It is a popular shopping destination in Jaipur that is known for its exquisite jewellery shops. The market is home to several shops that sell precious and semi-precious stones, gold and silver jewellery, and traditional Rajasthani jewellery.
This is a popular street market in Jaipur that is known for its colourful textiles and handicrafts. The market is home to several shops that sell traditional Jaipuri fabrics, block-printed textiles, and handicrafts such as pottery, brassware, and wooden handicrafts.
This is a traditional market in Jaipur that is known for its textiles, jewellery, and handicrafts. The market is home to several shops that sell traditional Rajasthani fabrics, embroidered garments, and leather goods.
It is a popular shopping destination in Jaipur that is known for its traditional textiles and handicrafts. The market is home to several shops that sell traditional Rajasthani fabrics, block-printed textiles, and handicrafts such as pottery, brassware, and wooden handicrafts.
This is a popular market in Jaipur that is known for its handicrafts and textiles. The market is home to several shops that sell traditional Rajasthani fabrics, embroidered garments, and handicrafts such as lac bangles, juttis, and bandhani dupattas.
Jaipur offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit different budgets and preferences. Here are some popular hotels and accommodation options in Jaipur:
It is a luxurious hotel located in the heart of Jaipur. The hotel is known for its grand architecture, spacious rooms, and excellent hospitality.
This is a heritage hotel located in the heart of Jaipur. The hotel features spacious rooms, a spa, and an outdoor pool.
This is a budget hotel located in the heart of Jaipur. The hotel features comfortable rooms and a rooftop restaurant.
It is a budget hostel located in the heart of Jaipur. The hostel features dormitory-style rooms and private rooms.
Jaipur has a good transportation system that includes various modes of transport. Here are some popular ways to get around Jaipur:
Auto Rickshaws are a popular mode of transport in Jaipur. They are easily available and can be found on most street corners. They are a convenient and affordable way to travel short distances within the city.
Taxis are easily available in Jaipur and are a comfortable way to travel around the city. Visitors can hire taxis for a day or for a specific journey.
The greatest time to visit Jaipur and other regions of Rajasthan is from November to March, when temperatures range from 8°Celsius at night to 32°Celsius during the day. The summers are brutally hot, and sightseeing isn’t the most enjoyable activity. On the other hand, the monsoon season is not recommended because it is quite humid and hot. Because of the Kite Festival and the Jaipur Literary Festival that take place in January, this is a great time to visit Jaipur. Just one day before Holi, Jaipur hosts the Elephant Festival sometime in the month of March.